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studies of tubal pregnancy under the microscope

Correspondence to Author: Dr.Reem Kamal Mohamed, 

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Security Forces Hospital, Saudi Arabia.


Objectives: To determine whether the new values of FBS and 2 hours post-meal with 75g OGTT for 1 year (from 1 June 2013 to 31 May 2014) significantly differ from the prior data collected in the same institute with different values and using international averages. Our study collected information on foetal, maternal, intrapartum, and postnatal outcomes in an effort to, if possible, assist in determining the appropriate values to utilise for gestational diabetes mellitus screening. Furthermore, by using the updated Blood Sugar measurements, to understand the current percentages of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in SFH. Retrospective cohort study design
Setting: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Security Forces Hospital
Patients: The study covered patients who had visited the Security Forces Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between June 1, 2013, and May 31, 2014. Data from the three years prior were compared with data from the selected year using various figures. The primary outcomes were the average age of the mother, maternal parity, history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), number of abortions, estimated blood loss during labour, associated medical condition, complications from prior pregnancies, GDM control methods, gestational age for intrauterine life (IOL), and related intrapartum complications. The immediate neonatal outcome in cases of GDM, the comparison of baby birth weights with any particular congenital anomalies, and delayed causes of NICU admission throughout the course of the four years under investigation were also examined.
Conclusion:It is recommended that all pregnant women be screened for gestational diabetes mellitus, whether they have previously used glucose values or new ones. This has been shown to enhance mother and foetal outcomes. The 75 OGTT test is a reasonably priced, easily accessible test that successfully screens 92.5% of patients at the Security Forces Hospital in Riyadh. After delivery, we advise yearly follow-up for patients in order to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes in both the mother and the infant.


Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is characterized as any level of glucose prejudice that happens with pregnancy or was first found during pregnancy. GDM is a typical unexpected problem related with pregnancy which forces takes a chance on the mother, the hatchling and the infant. Such endangers can go on all through the existence season of both the mother and her kid. In our review we contrasted maternal and fetal result and the past three years that had been as of now learned at Security Powers Emergency clinic involving various qualities in (June 1993-May 1994), (June 1996-May 1997) and (June 2003- May 2004) to a fresher report done in (2013-2014) with new upsides of FBS=5.1 mmol/L and 2 hrpp worth of 8.5 mmol/L after 75 gms of OGTT.This new worth is as per the Global Relationship of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Gathering (IADPSG) after the 2010 concurred agreement of screening and determination of gestational diabetes, which depend on a Randomized Controlled study (HAPO study).


To determine if there is a substantial difference between the current data for a year (from June 1, 2013, to May 31, 2014), compared to earlier data collected at the same institute, and compared to studies conducted internationally. The information in our study contains information on foetal, maternal, intrapartum, and postnatal outcomes in an effort to, if possible, assist in determining the optimal values to utilise for gestational diabetes mellitus screening. Furthermore, using these updated blood sugar readings, to determine the current percentages of gestational diabetes mellitus in SFH.

Material and Techniques

A review companion study, led on various patients who conveyed in Security Powers Emergency clinic, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in the period between (June/2013-May/2014). A review concentrates on contrasting the prompt result of pregnancy on fetal and maternal parts of analyzed instances of gestational diabetes mellitus, and after prohibition of all instances of NIDDM and IDDM, to three past various years read up involving various qualities for evaluating for GDM, in similar clinic, same Saudi populace of Wards of Service of Inside and contrasting it with global figure. The information of years thought about were following a year of execution of the expressed strategies and as settled upon by 3 different held boards of trustees SFH is a practically selective organization for Wards of The Service of Inside. No arrangement from moral council in the emergency clinic was required. With the utilization of 75 g glucose OGTT, any worth of FBS = 5.1 mmol/L and 2hrs after glucose load =8.5 mmol/L was considered as strange, and the patient was analyzed as a Gestational Diabetes Mellitus patient. The patient who are known diabetics (NIDDM and IDDM) were prohibited from the review. The information was gotten through mechanized Clinical Record Watchers (MR Watcher). The quick result of pregnancy, both fetal and maternal, of analyzed instances of gestational diabetes mellitus were contrasted with previously existing information in Security Powers Clinic and contrasted and global information. The attributes of patient concentrated on incorporated the accompanying: o Periods of patients, equality, method of conveyance, and regardless of whether instigated, with the surmised gestational age for enlistment was determined by date and ultrasonographic discoveries. o Past history of GDM and related clinical turmoil were noted. Moreover, related maternal entanglements, for example, post pregnancy drain taking note of the assessed blood loss of various methods of conveyances, vaginal injury, shoulder dystocia and other related difficulties. The control of GDM done whether by diet just or diet and insulin, was recorded. The result of pregnancy which included birth loads, and unfavorable results like admissions to NICU, macrosomia, birth wounds, metabolic issues and RDS were contrasted with earlier years examined and contrasted with worldwide information.


Screening utilizing IADPSG values enjoys the benefit of expanded number of analyzed instances of Gestational Diabetes yet up till now there are insufficient examinations to legitimize continuation on utilizing it or utilize currently attempted figures like those of ADA or our past one in our foundation; so further investigations are anticipated. Exceptional strategy for screening is recommended for regions with high foundation of diabetes. To close the ring and arrive at the objective of result of screening and the board and long haul impact on mother and child, patient ought to be observed by post pregnancy follow up and there after normal examination to keep away from advancement of diabetes in mother and posterity with every one of its ramifications. Besides, more investigations are expected to make sense of the prominent relationship of expanded number of children with hyperbillirubinimea after the recently embraced IADPSG strategy for screening was begun.


Dr.Reem Kamal Mohamed. studies of tubal pregnancy under the microscope. Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology Research 2022.

Journal Info

  • Journal Name: Journal of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology Research
  • Impact Factor: 2.709**
  • ISSN: 2766-2756
  • DOI: 10.52338/Jocogr
  • Short Name: Jocogr
  • Acceptance rate: 55%
  • Volume: 6 (2024)
  • Submission to acceptance: 25 days
  • Acceptance to publication: 10 days


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